Gaius Julius Caesar (rome, july 13, 101 bc or july 12, 100 bc - rome, march 15, 44 bc) was a military, consul, dictator, roman orator and writer, considered one of the most important and influential historical character. played a crucial role in the transition of the system from the republican form of government to the imperial form. with the assumption of dictatorship for life he began a process of radical reform of the society and the government. after his election, a group of senators, conspired against him and killed him. in 42 bc, just two years after his assassination, the senate officially deified, elevating him to divinity.